There are many kinds of gum disease, all of which vary in symptoms and intensity. Periodontal disease types can include:
- Gingivitis: This is the first manifestation of gum disease. While there is usually no pain or discomfort at this stage, bleeding, swollen or reddening can appear within the soft tissue.
- Chronic Periodontitis: Enzymes and toxins continue to irritate and inflame the soft tissue and start to cause gum recession. Either rapid or chronic tissue loss can also start to loosen the periodontal ligament that keeps teeth in place.
- Aggressive Periodontitis: There is rapid loss of soft and hard tissue, either isolated groups or across the entire gum line and dental arch.
- Periodontitis associated with systemic diseases: Some forms of gum disease can be signs of a disease affecting more than the mouth. Diabetes and some rare blood or genetic disease are linked with periodontal infections or decay.
- Necrotizing Periodontal Disease: This is late-state gum disease and manifests as the death of bone, dental and gum tissues. Painful lesions appear, along with bleeding or a necrotic smell. Tobacco use, stress, or HIV infection can also exacerbate or accelerate necrotizing.
Dr. Christian Berdy and Dr. Cary Berdy work together to prevent or treat each manifestation of gum disease in Jacksonville, Florida. To schedule a gingivitis treatment with our dentists, call Berdy Dental Group at 904-389-1376.